The Battle of Tirad Pass was a battle in the Philippine-American War fought on December 2, 1899, in which a 60-man Filipino rear guard commanded by Brigadier General Gregorio del Pilar succumbed to around 300 Americans of the 33rd Infantry Regiment under Major Peyton C. March, while delaying the American advance to ensure Emilio Aguinaldo's escape. Tirad Pass was the site of the battle chronicled by international correspondents at the turn of the century.
Trail to Tirad Pass National Park snakes upwards and includes zigzag road portion, the mountain trails were made clear and flattened for tourists’ trekking convenience but preserved its natural ambiance by the local government; the place was closed for motor vehicles and is exclusive only for trekking. Places on the way like caves where Gen. Gregorio del Pilar and his army took refuge come with citations. In the shrine, a statue of the young general riding on his horse rises high overlooking the mountainous landscape of the town far to the seas of Candon. The spots where the general fell and buried were also marked in stones just a few meters away from the shrine.
With an elevation of over 4,000 feet above sea level and just kilometers away from the shrine, Mt. Tirad’s peak could well pose itself as a northern challenge to mountaineers. Its peak is marked by a distinctive ‘gaping mouth’ or Pettak (literally means Crack), which lies near the summit. Strong winds blow at this portion of Mt. Tirad and is avoided by aircrafts.
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